Reports published that refer to International Synergies approach and projects:

  • NISP report – The Pathway To A Low Carbon Sustainable Economy
  • Circular Economy in Europe – Developing the Knowledge Base – published February 2016 by the European Environment Agency – the report showcases industrial symbiosis as an effective circular economy business model and features International Synergies’ NISP as a case study.
  • industrial Evolution by the Manufacturing Commission published October 2015 calls for the UK Government to re-invest in a facilitated NISP to support business competitiveness.
  • Circular Advantage by Accenture highlights industrial symbiosis as a key enabler for resource reuse essential for the circular economy (2015);
  • Governments Go Circular by De Groene Zak and Accenture (2015);
  • European Commission’s FP7 POLFREE and DYNAMIX both recommend NISP’s approach for inclusion in its revised Circular Economy package;
  • Research and Innovation in Climate change, Resource Efficiency and Raw materials, by ERAWATCH NETWORK ASBL and Technopolis Group (2012);
  • European Commission’s Cradle to Cradle Network Initiatives Guide (2011): NISP included to share and capitalise on regional best practice amongst European Member States;
  • International Working Conference on Applied Industrial Symbiosis 2012 (IWCAIS 2012) – Outcomes Report (September 2012)
  • CBI “Making ends meet” (Feb 2011): “The CBI supports the work of NISP which should be encouraged and further developed”;
  • The European Commission Directorate General for Enterprise and Industry advocates industrial symbiosis as a recommended policy instrument for improving competitiveness and resource efficiency in Europe (Sustainable Industry: Going for Growth, DG Enterprise & Industry, 2011);
  • The European Commission’s “Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe” states: “A number of schemes show the benefits of increased information flows, and the payback from providing advice or bringing firms together in National Industrial Symbiosis Platforms: Based on the performance of the UK National Industrial Symbiosis Programme, improving the re-use of raw materials through greater ‘industrial symbiosis’ across the EU could save €1.4bn a year and generate €1.6bn in sales.” (Sept 2011);
  • DG Environment commissioned report: “Economic Analysis of Resource Efficiency Policies: The report considered 120 programmes across 23 countries.  Criteria for selection included “Expectation of large resource efficiency potential, coverage of key sectors, coverage of key resources (including water) and the economic structure of the country”.  Based on further screening the report selected nine cases for further analysis.  Of these nine, NISP scored top for cost effectiveness, impact and replication potential across Europe and was said to provide “the widest environmental and economic benefits” and “optimises the use of resources”.  Key factors identified as underpinning NISP’s success included “cross sectoral synergies between industries” and “backing of national funding”.  The report further suggests that an “EU–wide network has the potential to be even more successful than NISP in England” (October 2010).