Reports published that refer to International Synergies approach and projects:
Circular Synergies – Challenges for Portugal Report – (2018) “Closing the loop – an EU action plan for the circular economy” which sets out guidelines for the transition towards a circular economy in Europe and for the revision of various European Directives on waste and product policy;
DG Grow Report – Cooperation Fostering Industrial Symbiosis – (2018) – Industrial symbiosis (IS) is a systems approach to a more sustainable and integrated industrial system, which identifies business opportunities that leverage underutilised resources (such as materials, energy, water, capacity, expertise, assets);
Nature’s Lessons for Industry – Canadian Corporate Knights – published (2017) – exchange of byproducts, or a facilitated approach, where a third party helps incorporate existing businesses into a symbiotic network;
CBI “Making ends meet” (Feb 2011): “The CBI supports the work of NISP which should be encouraged and further developed”;
The European Commission Directorate General for Enterprise and Industry advocates industrial symbiosis as a recommended policy instrument for improving competitiveness and resource efficiency in Europe (Sustainable Industry: Going for Growth, DG Enterprise & Industry, 2011);
The European Commission’s “Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe” states: “A number of schemes show the benefits of increased information flows, and the payback from providing advice or bringing firms together in National Industrial Symbiosis Platforms: Based on the performance of the UK National Industrial Symbiosis Programme, improving the re-use of raw materials through greater ‘industrial symbiosis’ across the EU could save €1.4bn a year and generate €1.6bn in sales.” (Sept 2011);
DG Environment commissioned report: “Economic Analysis of Resource Efficiency Policies: The report considered 120 programmes across 23 countries. Criteria for selection included “Expectation of large resource efficiency potential, coverage of key sectors, coverage of key resources (including water) and the economic structure of the country”. Based on further screening the report selected nine cases for further analysis. Of these nine, NISP scored top for cost effectiveness, impact and replication potential across Europe and was said to provide “the widest environmental and economic benefits” and “optimises the use of resources”. Key factors identified as underpinning NISP’s success included “cross sectoral synergies between industries” and “backing of national funding”. The report further suggests that an “EU–wide network has the potential to be even more successful than NISP in England” (October 2010).